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Judson Dance Theater:
The Work Is Never Done

September 16, 2018 – February 03, 2019

The Museum of Modern Art

Floor Two, Contemporary Galleries and the Donald B. and Catherine C. Marron Atrium

The Museum of Modern Art presents Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, a major exhibition that looks anew at the formative moment in the 1960s when a group of choreographers, visual artists, composers, and filmmakers made use of a local church to present groundbreaking cross-disciplinary performances. Featuring celebrated dance works by Judson artists, The Work Is Never Done includes a gallery exhibition, a print publication, and an ambitious performance program in the Museum’s Donald B. and Catherine C. Marron Atrium. On view from September 16, 2018, through February 3, 2019, the exhibition highlights the group’s ethos of collaboration and the range of its participants through live performance and some 300 objects including films, photographic documentation, sculptural objects, scores, music, and archival material. Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done is organized by Ana Janevski, Curator, and Thomas J. Lax, Associate Curator, with Martha Joseph, Curatorial Assistant, Department of Media and Performance Art.

The exhibition is made possible by Hyundai Card.

Leadership support is provided by Monique M. Schoen Warshaw, The Jill and Peter Kraus Endowed Fund for Contemporary Exhibitions, and by MoMA’s Wallis Annenberg Fund for Innovation in Contemporary Art through the Annenberg Foundation.

Major support is provided by Jody and John Arnhold and by The Contemporary Arts Council of The Museum of Modern Art.

Generous funding is provided by The Harkness Foundation for Dance.

Additional support is provided by the Annual Exhibition Fund with major contributions from the Estate of Ralph L. Riehle, Alice and Tom Tisch, Mimi and Peter Haas Fund, Brett and Daniel Sundheim, Karen and Gary Winnick, The Marella and Giovanni Agnelli Fund for Exhibitions, and Oya and Bülent Eczacıbaşı.

MoMA Audio is supported by Bloomberg Philanthropies.

Images

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Anna Halprin. The Branch. 1957. Performed on the Halprin family’s Dance Deck, Kentfield, California, 1957. Performers, from left: A. A. Leath, Anna Halprin, and Simone Forti. Photo: Warner Jepson. Courtesy of the Estate of Warner Jepson

**For all reproductions, the caption for each image must be placed directly below or adjacent to the image, and must follow the format above, with the photographer’s name at the beginning of the caption. The copyright credit lines may either be placed alongside each caption, or in a separate credits section, provided that all other copyright and image source credits in the respective publications also appear there. **

Simone Forti. See Saw. 1960. Performed at Reuben Gallery, New York, December 16–18, 1960. Performers: Yvonne Rainer and Robert Morris. Photo courtesy Robert R. McElroy photographs of Happenings and early performance art, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2014.M.7)

**For all reproductions, the caption for each image must be placed directly below or adjacent to the image, and must follow the format above, with the photographer’s name at the beginning of the caption. The copyright credit lines may either be placed alongside each caption, or in a separate credits section, provided that all other copyright and image source credits in the respective publications also appear there. **

Steve Paxton. Poster for Concert of Dance #1. Judson Memorial Church, New York. July 6, 1962. Offset print. 10 15/16 x 8 1/2″ (27.78 × 21.59 cm). Yvonne Rainer Papers Archive, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2006.M.24)

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Peter Moore’s photograph of Trisha Brown and Steve Paxton in Trisha Brown’s Lightfall, 1963. Performed at Concert of Dance #4, Judson Memorial Church, New York, January 30, 1963. © Barbara Moore/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Courtesy Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

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Peter Moore’s photograph of Lucinda Childs in Egg Deal, 1963. Performed at Concert of Dance #13, Judson Memorial Church, New York, November 20, 1963. © Barbara Moore/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Courtesy Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

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Peter Moore’s photograph of Philip Corner’s Intermission, 1963. Performed at Concert of Dance #13, Judson Memorial Church, New York, November 20, 1963. © Barbara Moore/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Courtesy Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

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Peter Moore’s photograph of Alex Hay, Deborah Hay, and Yvonne Rainer performing Hay’s Would They or Wouldn’t They?, 1963. Performed at Concert of Dance #13, Judson Memorial Church, New York, November 20, 1963. © Barbara Moore/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Courtesy Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

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Al Giese’s photograph of Fred Herko in Binghamton Birdie, 1963. Performed at Concert of Dance #6, Judson Memorial Church, New York, June 23, 1963. © Estate of Al Giese/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY

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Al Giese’s photograph of Rudy Perez and Elaine Summers performing Take Your Alligator with You, 1963. Performed at Concert of Dance #7, Judson Memorial Church, New York, June 24, 1963. © Estate of Al Giese/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY

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Al Giese’s photograph of Yvonne Rainer’s “Bach” from Terrain, 1963. Performed at Judson Memorial Church, New York, April 28, 1963. © Estate of Al Giese/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY

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Peter Moore’s photograph of Charles Ross’s Qui a mangé le baboon?, 1963. Performed at Concert of Dance #13, Judson Memorial Church, New York, November 20, 1963. © Barbara Moore/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Courtesy Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

**For all reproductions, the caption for each image must be placed directly below or adjacent to the image, and must follow the format above, with the photographer’s name at the beginning of the caption. The copyright credit lines may either be placed alongside each caption, or in a separate credits section, provided that all other copyright and image source credits in the respective publications also appear there. **

Al Giese’s photograph of Ruth Emerson in Carolee Schneemann’s Newspaper Event, 1963. Performed at Concert of Dance #3, Judson Memorial Church, New York, January 29, 1963. © Estate of Al Giese/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Courtesy of Carolee Schneemann, Galerie Lelong & Co., and P•P•O•W, New York

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Al Giese’s photograph of Rudy Perez, Elaine Summers, and John Worden performing Summers’s SUITE, 1963. Performed at Concert of Dance #3, Judson Memorial Church, New York, January 29, 1963. © Estate of Al Giese/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY

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Poster for Judson Memorial Church presents Concerts of Dance #14, #15, and #16. April 27, 28, and 29, 1964. Offset print. 10 3/16 × 16 9/16″ (25.8 × 42 cm). Yvonne Rainer Papers Archive, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2006.M.24)

**For all reproductions, the caption for each image must be placed directly below or adjacent to the image, and must follow the format above, with the photographer’s name at the beginning of the caption. The copyright credit lines may either be placed alongside each caption, or in a separate credits section, provided that all other copyright and image source credits in the respective publications also appear there. **

Peter Moore’s photograph of (from left) Robert Rauschenberg, Joseph Schlichter (hidden), Sally Gross, Tony Holder, Deborah Hay, Yvonne Rainer, Alex Hay, Robert Morris (behind), and Lucinda Childs performing Rainer’s We Shall Run, 1963. Performed at Two Evenings of Dances by Yvonne Rainer, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, March 7, 1965. © Barbara Moore/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Courtesy Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

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Deborah Hay. Still from Group I, 1968. Filmed by Robert Rauschenberg. © Deborah Hay

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Deborah Hay. Still from Group II, 1969. Filmed by Hollis Frampton.  © Deborah Hay

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Peter Moore’s photograph of David Gordon in Mannequin Dance, 1962. Performed in Dance Concert of Old and New Works by David Gordon, Yvonne Rainer, Steve Paxton, Judson Memorial Church, January 10, 1966. © Barbara Moore/Licensed by VAGA at ARS, NY. Courtesy Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

**For all reproductions, the caption for each image must be placed directly below or adjacent to the image, and must follow the format above, with the photographer’s name at the beginning of the caption. The copyright credit lines may either be placed alongside each caption, or in a separate credits section, provided that all other copyright and image source credits in the respective publications also appear there. **

Babette Mangolte’s photograph of David Gordon, Valda Setterfield, and unidentified performers in The Matter, 1972. Performed at Merce Cunningham Studio, New York, 1972. © Babette Mangolte

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Peter Moore’s photograph of Lucinda Childs in Pastime, 1963. Performed in Surplus Dance Theater: Program Exchange, New York, March 2, 1964. © Barbara Moore/Licensed by VAGA at ARS, NY. Courtesy Paula Cooper Gallery, New York

**For all reproductions, the caption for each image must be placed directly below or adjacent to the image, and must follow the format above, with the photographer’s name at the beginning of the caption. The copyright credit lines may either be placed alongside each caption, or in a separate credits section, provided that all other copyright and image source credits in the respective publications also appear there. **

Steve Paxton. Jag vill gärna telefonera. 1964. Performed at Five New York Kvällar (Five New York Evenings), Moderna Museet, Stockholm, September 13, 1964. Performers: by Steve Paxton and Robert Raushenberg. Photo: Stig T. Karlsson. Robert Rauschenberg Foundation, New York. Moderna Museet, Stockholm

**For all reproductions, the caption for each image must be placed directly below or adjacent to the image, and must follow the format above, with the photographer’s name at the beginning of the caption. The copyright credit lines may either be placed alongside each caption, or in a separate credits section, provided that all other copyright and image source credits in the respective publications also appear there. **

Trisha Brown. Still from Walking on the Wall, 1971. Film by Elaine Summers. © Trisha Brown Dance Company

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Andy Warhol. Jill and Freddy Dancing. 1963. 16mm film (black and white, silent), 4 min. Original film elements preserved by The Museum of Modern Art Collections of The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh, and The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Contribution The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc.

**For all reproductions, the caption for each image must be placed directly below or adjacent to the image, and must follow the format above, with the photographer’s name at the beginning of the caption. The copyright credit lines may either be placed alongside each caption, or in a separate credits section, provided that all other copyright and image source credits in the respective publications also appear there. **

Performance view of Yoshiko Chuma + Jodi Melnick Workshop, Judson Memorial Church, January 22, 2018. Still image of video by Quentin Burley

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The Connection. 1961. USA. Directed by Shirley Clarke. Courtesy of Milestone Films and the Lewis Allen estate

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Fred W. McDarrah’s photograph of Cecil Taylor, Jimmy Lyons, and Andrew Cyrille (from left) performing at the Five Spot Café, New York, April 18, 1975. © Fred W. McDarrah/Premium Archive/Getty Images

**For all reproductions, the caption for each image must be placed directly below or adjacent to the image, and must follow the format above, with the photographer’s name at the beginning of the caption. The copyright credit lines may either be placed alongside each caption, or in a separate credits section, provided that all other copyright and image source credits in the respective publications also appear there. **

Installation view of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art. Photo: Peter Butler

Installation view of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art. Photo: Peter Butler

Installation view of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art. Photo: Peter Butler

Installation view of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art. Photo: Peter Butler

Installation view of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art. Photo: Peter Butler

Installation view of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art. Photo: Peter Butler

Installation view of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art. Photo: Peter Butler

Installation view of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art. Photo: Peter Butler

Simone Forti. Huddle. 1961. Performance. Committee on Media and Performance Art Funds.  Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Martita Abril (top), Vanessa Vargas, Alexis Ruiseco-Lombera, Lindsay Londs Reuter, Samuel Hanson, Christiana Cefalu, Elizabeth Hart, Laura Pfeffer, Miguel Ángel Guzmán. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Simone Forti. Slant Board. 1961. Performance with plywood and rope. Committee on Media and Performance Art Funds. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers, from left: Laura Pfeffer, Alexis Ruiseco-Lombera, Samuel Hanson. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Simone Forti. Accompaniment for La Monte’s “2 sounds” and La Monte’s “2 sounds.” 1961. Performance with natural fiber rope and sound. Committee on Media and Performance Art Funds. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performer: Christiana Cefalu. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Yvonne Rainer. We Shall Run. 1963. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Brittany Bailey, Patrick Gallagher, Iréne Hultman, Abigail Levine, Omagbitse Omagbemi, Louisa Pancoast, Emmanuèle Phuon, Damani Pompey, Suzzanne Ponomarenko, Heather Robles, Mary Kate Sheehan, Timothy Ward. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Yvonne Rainer. Trio A Pressured: Quartet. 1969. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Keith Sabado, Emily Coates, Emmanuèle Phuon, Pat Catterson. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Yvonne Rainer. Diagonal (from Terrain). 1963. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Patricia Hoffbauer, Keith Sabado, Emmanuèle Phuon (hidden), Emily Coates, David Thomson, Pat Catterson. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Deborah Hay. ten. 1968. Performance. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: David Thomson, Wally Cardona, Shelley Senter. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Deborah Hay. ten. 1968. Performance. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Gang Gang Dance. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Deborah Hay. ten. 1968. Performance. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Malcolm Low, David Thomson, Arturo Vidich, Miguel Guttierez, Wally Cardona (back to camera), Marýa Wethers, Michelle Boulé, Adrienne Truscott, Shelley Senter, Miguel Ángel Guzmán. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Deborah Hay. ten. 1968. Performance. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: on floor: Michelle Boulé, Marýa Wethers, Adrienne Truscott, Miguel Gutierrez, Malcolm Low; by vertical pole: Arturo Vidich, David Thomson, Shelley Senter. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

David Gordon. THE MATTER @ MOMA/2018. 2018. Performance. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Carmella Lauer, Pam Tanowitz, Lauren Fergusson, Ambika Raina, Darrin Wright, Paul Hamilton, Colin Gee, Erez Milatin, Lydia Chrisman (seated), David Gordon. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

David Gordon. THE MATTER @ MOMA/2018. 2018. Performance. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Wally Cardona, Karen Graham. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

David Gordon. THE MATTER @ MOMA/2018. 2018. Performance. Performed in Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Valda Setterfield, Wally Cardona. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Lucinda Childs. Radial Courses. 1976. Performed in Lucinda Childs: Early Works, 1963–78, as part of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Robert Mark Burke, Kyle Gerry, Vincent McCloskey, Lonnie Poupard Jr. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Lucinda Childs. Particular Reel. 1973. Performed in Lucinda Childs: Early Works, 1963–78, as part of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performer: Lucinda Childs. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Lucinda Childs. Interior Drama. 1977. Performed in Lucinda Childs: Early Works, 1963–78, as part of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers: Katie Dorn, Sarah Hillmon, Sharon Milanese, Caitlin Scranton, Shakirah Stewart. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Paula Court

Steve Paxton. Excerpt from Goldberg Variations. 2017. Based on The Goldberg Variations by J. S. Bach Played by Glenn Gould Improvised by Steve Paxton (1986–92). Performed in Steve Paxton Performances by Stephen Petronio Company, as part of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performer: Megan Wright. Photo: Paula Court. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York

Steve Paxton. Jag Vill Gärna Telefonera (I Would Like to Make a Phone Call). 1964. Performed in Steve Paxton Performances by Stephen Petronio Company, as part of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers, from left: Ryan Pliss and Mac Twining. Photo: Paula Court. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York

Steve Paxton. Jag Vill Gärna Telefonera (I Would Like to Make a Phone Call). 1964. Performed in Steve Paxton Performances by Stephen Petronio Company, as part of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers, from left: Ryan Pliss, Tess Montoya, Ernesto Breton, Taylor Boyland. Photo: Paula Court. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York

Steve Paxton. Jag Vill Gärna Telefonera (I Would Like to Make a Phone Call). 1964. Performed in Steve Paxton Performances by Stephen Petronio Company, as part of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performers, from left: Megan Wright, Bria Bacon. Photo: Paula Court. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York

Steve Paxton. Excerpt from Goldberg Variations. 2017. Based on The Goldberg Variations by J. S. Bach Played by Glenn Gould Improvised by Steve Paxton (1986–92). Performed in Steve Paxton Performances by Stephen Petronio Company, as part of Judson Dance Theater: The Work Is Never Done, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 16, 2018–February 3, 2019. Performer: Nicholas Sciscione. Photo: Paula Court. Digital image © 2018 The Museum of Modern Art, New York

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